eumenes of cardia

Eumenes was given a military command during Alexander’s expedition to India (327-326). There are tales that he was the son of a wagoner, but this is not likely to be true. Eumenes first traveled to Mount Ida where there was a royal stable. He participated in the Wars of Alexander the Great serving as both Alexander’s personal secretary and as a battlefield commander. Character » Eumenes of Cardia appears in 9 issues. He was besieged in Cappadocia with the remainder of his forces (about 500 cavalry and 200 foot soldiers) in a fortress called Nora. ", (2) Satrap at Partition of Babylon; possibly Nicanor of Stageira Eumenes of Cardia synonyms, Eumenes of Cardia pronunciation, Eumenes of Cardia translation, English dictionary definition of Eumenes of Cardia. found: OCLC, 6-19-2003 (hdg. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. Summary. Determined to follow tradition, Eumenes made the bold and unexpected move to regain the battlefield so that he could construct a proper funeral pyre for the dead. Eu… Eumenes. Neoptolemus was killed, and Craterus died of his wounds.[1]. This unexpected victory made the Macedonian leaders who were supposed be supporting Eumenes even more jealous. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. [–]eumenes_of_cardia 1 point2 points3 points 15 hours ago (0 children) Well it is. EUMENES of Cardia, according to Duris, was the son of a man whom poverty drove to be a waggoner, in the Thracian Chersonesus, but received a liberal education in literature and athletics. Eumenes' body was given to his friends, to be burnt with honor, and his ashes were conveyed in a silver urn to his wife and children. Alexander didn’t believe him and secretly gave orders that Eumenes’ tent be set on fire to see how much treasure he would hurry to save. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Eumenes van Cardia was een Thracisch generaal van Alexander de Grote uit de 4e eeuw v.Chr. Alexander didn’t take any of it, just wrote to his generals and governors asking them for new copies of the burnt documents. 361-316 B.C.) Alexander the Great was sufficiently impressed by Eumenes’ services to his father to keep him on after Philip’s assassination in 336, promoting him to chief secretary. It is also completely revised, including both the author’s and a wide range of works on the period of the Diadochi published over the past forty years or so. EUMENES of Cardia, according to Duris, was the son of a man whom poverty drove to be a waggoner, in the Thracian Chersonesus, but received a liberal education in literature and athletics. Short summary describing this character. found: Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht im Alexanderreich, 2002: t.p. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Eumenes (yo͞o`mĭnēz), c.361–316 B.C., secretary to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great.A Thracian Greek, he was capable, diplomatic, and eloquent and proved himself able as a general as well as a secretary. In the distribution of the empire after Alexander’s death, he was assigned Cappadocia in eastern Asia Minor. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Duris reports that Eumenes, the Cardian, was the son of a poor wagoner in the Thracian Chersonesus, yet liberally educated, both as a scholar and a soldier; and that while he was but young, Philip, passing through Cardia, diverted himself with a sight of the wrestling matches and other Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. He was a commander, and Alexander the Great’s private secretary. Eumenes of Cardia (secretary, soldier and commander) has come into prominence in recent years, after a long period of neglect. Eumenes took a large number of horses to replenish his Cappadocian cavalry. Eumenes - mason wasps genus Eumenes arthropod genus - a genus of arthropods family Vespidae, Vespidae - … He advised her to wait until the boy was old enough to rule, but she didn’t follow his advice, and seized power in Macedon. Diodorus Sicilus, Bibliotheca Historica, XVIII 59,1-3. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eumenes&oldid=993800948, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Personal secretary of Alexander the Great, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:47. [18] A few days later both armies drew up for battle. [10] In Susa, Eumenes sent letters to all the satraps to the north and east of Susiana, ordering them in the kings' names to join him with all their forces. Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht im Alexanderreich. Cassander, therefore, allied himself with Antigonus, Lysimachus and Ptolemy, while Eumenes allied himself with Polyperchon. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians (2nd edition) updates the original work in light of a decade of scholarly activity and presents much new analysis influenced by this continuing scholarship. The Silver Shields complied, arrested Eumenes and his officers, and handed them over. Eventually, the two armies met in southern Media and fought the indecisive Battle of Paraitakene. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Late 17th century print. 361-316 B.C. Eumenes somehow had advance knowledge of this and marched out of Phoenica, through Syria into Mesopotamia, with the idea of gathering support in the upper satrapies. Eumenes, (born c. 362 bc —died 316), Greek general who upheld the cause of the Macedonian royal house in the civil war that followed the death of Alexander the Great in 323.. Noun 1. Once Eumenes was firmly in command, Perdiccas left him with orders to take possession of Armenia from Neoptolemus. It established Antigonus as the most powerful of the successors. At a very early age he was employed as private secretary by Philip II of Macedon, and, after the death of Philip II, by Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied into Asia. Following this battle, Antigonus neglected to address the dead and immediately set off in pursuit for Eumenes. He took the time to file an account with the overseers of the stables despite his outlaw status. By swearing an oath to an infant and a developmentally disabled man, this, essentially, gave Eumenes free reign to act in whatever manner he saw as in the best interest of the Argead Dynasty, and, therefore, himself. In the cramped city, Eumenes was forced to come up with novel solutions so that his men and horses remained in fighting shape including; emptying large rooms where men exercised on a set schedule, and creating a suspension device, likened to an ancient treadmill, on which horses could run. [21], Antigonus, according to Plutarch, starved Eumenes for three days, but finally sent an executioner to dispatch him when the time came for him to move his camp. Sources. remember me reset password. Ancient sources agree that Eumenes was an extremely able general. Eumenes retorted that “formalities and technicalities would not protect them from death and destruction”. No description Font-size. Almost all these were Macedonians, but among them was Eumenes, a native of the Greek city of Cardia, whose fortunes in the six and a half years that … At a very early age, he was employed as a private secretary by Philip II of Macedon and after Philip's death (336 BC) by Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied into Asia. Eumenes obliged her and moved north into Phrygia to winter. Eumenes was probably born in Cardia and was of Greek origin. Eumenes was born in the area of Cardia in the North of Greece in the year 362 BC. Eumenes was also granted the privilege of wearing a purple hat and cloak, an honor usually only granted to a Macedonian king. Eumenes was a native of Cardia according to some sources. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great, became a major contender for power. Career. or 315 B.C. Eumenes joined Perdiccas, who installed him in Cappadocia. Eumenes, of Cardia, 362 or 361 B.C.-316 or 315 B.C. However, five days was not enough for Eumenes to gather his scattered forces. After Alexander’s death (323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Macedonian and Greek soldiers fighting in support of Alexander’s son, Alexander IV. Antigonus, meanwhile, had reached Susa and left Seleucus there to besiege the place, while he himself marched after Eumenes. Eumenes did not get on with Hephaistion, Alexander’s closest friend and second in command, but this does not seem to have affected Eumenes’ relationship with Alexander. 9 appearances; No recent wiki edits to this page. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Perdiccas, who by one account had been appointed regent for Alexander’s mentally defective brother and unborn son, ordered the generals Leonnatus and Antigonus to help Eumenes take possession of his territory (321). [11] When the satraps joined Eumenes he had a considerable force, with which he could look forward with some confidence to doing battle against Antigonus. Eumenes of Cardia was a Greek general and satrap. Eumenes - mason wasps genus Eumenes arthropod genus - a genus of arthropods family Vespidae, Vespidae - an arthropod family of the order Hymenoptera... Eumenes of Cardia - definition of Eumenes of Cardia by The Free Dictionary. Antigonus, supported by his son Demetrius, was disinclined to kill Eumenes, but most of the council insisted that he execute Eumenes and so it was decided. In the late summer of 316 BC, Antigonus moved southward again in the hope of bringing Eumenes to battle and ending the war quickly. [21], Despite Eumenes' undeniable skills as a general, he never commanded the full allegiance of the Macedonian officers in his army and died as a result. Eumenes and his forces spent the winter of 320-319 in Nora, but when spring came, he managed to escape with all his men while negotiating with Antigonus over terms for Eumenes and his men to join Antigonus now that Antipater was dead. Eumenes of Cardia was a Greek who served both Philip II and Alexander the Great as secretary and archivist. During the winter he negotiated with Seleucus, the satrap of Babylonia, and Peithon, the satrap of Media, seeking their help against Antigonus. He was a commander, and Alexander the Great’s private secretary. Despite, or perhaps because of, this lack of cordiality between them, Eumenes was one of the most extravagant in his mourning for Hephaistion after his death (324), and this increased Alexander’s regard for him. Eumenes dismissed most of his men because he had too many to move about unnoticed but not enough to go on the attack. Studies in Philo of Alexandria and Mediterranean antiquity, v. 3 . : Eumenes, of Cardia, ca. He therefore ordered the troops he did have available to light huge fires in the mountains at night and to let them slowly die down, as was the usual practice in army camps, in order to convince Antigonus that the secret was out and Eumenes was waiting for him with a large army. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. TROPHY CASE. [1] Eumenes was hated and despised by many fellow commanders—certainly for his successes and supposedly for his non-Macedonian (in the tribal sense) background and prior office as Royal Secretary. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. He later was a participant in the Wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house. When, in another battle, Eumenes defeated Antigonus but lost his baggage train, Teutamus, the commander of the Argyraspids, entered into negotiations with Antigonus to get the baggage back. Many of Eumenes’ men who he had dismissed before the siege rejoined him, bringing his forces back up to about a thousand cavalry. Upon hearing this, Antipater was greatly amused, however, it is clear that Eumenes made this move to show that he was acting under the law and in the service of the Argead House. Perdiccas used his army to help Eumenes take possession of Cappadocia. Since he would be facing a force superior in infantry, Eumenes decided to travel to the plains of Sardis where his advantage in cavalry would be decisive. Gabiene (in modern Iran) 31°46′38″N 51°48′06″E  /. (3) Satrap at Partition of Babylon. Pharnabazus III, Persian satrap of Phrygia, was his brother-in-law, as Eumenes married Artonis, the daughter of Persian satrap Artabazus II and sister of Pharnabazus III. Only Antigonus knew of Eumenes’ real motives. [14] Antigonus, faced with disaster, decided to abandon the crossing and turned back northward, marching up into Media, threatening the upper satrapies. He was an able commander who did his utmost to maintain the unity of Alexander's empire in Asia, but his efforts were frustrated by generals and satraps both nominally under his command and under that of his enemies. Battle of Gabiene was the second great battle (the third battle in total; see: the battles of Orkynia and Paraitakene) between Antigonus Monophthalmus and Eumenes, two of Alexander the Great's successors (the so-called Diadochi).The battle was fought near Gabiene in Persia in 315 BC and ended the Second War of the Diadochi. Become a Redditor. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. He participated in the wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house. A recurring problem for Eumenes was that in winter (when campaigns were not usual) his soldiers tended to scatter with complete lack of discipline to pass the time wherever they wanted. In the ensuing division of the empire in the Partition of Babylon (323 BC), Cappadocia and Paphlagonia were assigned to Eumenes; but as they were not yet subdued, Leonnatus and Antigonus were charged by Perdiccas with securing them for him. - LC Linked Data Service: Authorities and Vocabularies | Library of Congress. He participated in the Wars of Alexander the Great serving as both Alexander’s personal secretary and as a battlefield commander. Antigonus refused to help, but Leonnatus came, more to inveigle Eumenes into helping him in his plan to seize power in Macedon than to help Eumenes himself. eumenes_of_cardia 377 post karma 15,597 comment karma send a private message. 362 BC—316 BC) was a Greek general and scholar. get them help and support. He led his men on a ten-day march through the desert to attack Eumenes, choosing this route in the hope that his approach would remain a secret. Eumenes was driven out of his territories by Antiochus, but then survived for a period of time against him. Two-Year Club. Eumenes, a Greek from the city of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, played an important role in the struggles of the first years after Alexander’s death. Eumenes, of Cardia, 362 B.C. After the murder of Perdiccas in Egypt by his own soldiers (320 BC), the Macedonian generals condemned Eumenes to death at the Conference at Triparadisus, assigning Antipater and Antigonus as his executioners. HULME PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER THE opening of the Hellenistic Age is a period in which the number of leading characters is unusually, even confusingly, large. This action greatly impressed Antigonus. Eumenes of Cardia by Edward Anson, 2015, Brill edition, in English - Second edition. After Alexander's death(323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. He, who was one of rare high rank Greek officers in the Macedonian army, participated in the wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedon ian Argead royal house.. Ancient sources agree that Eumenes was an extremely able general. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Thinking that he was marching tired men suffering from the cold against a fresh army, Antigonus slowed down to let his men recover from the journey – and this delay was sufficient for Eumenes’ army to come together and win the battle. The Battle of Gabiene was as indecisive as the previous battle at Parataikene. Eumenes, a Greek from the city of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, played an important role in the struggles of the first years after Alexander’s death. Get an ad-free experience with special benefits, and directly support Reddit. Unfortunately, because of the cold in the desert at night, his men disobeyed him and lit fires to keep warm, thus giving the game away when they were still only halfway there. Eumenes (yo͞o`mĭnēz), c.361–316 B.C., secretary to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great.A Thracian Greek, he was capable, diplomatic, and eloquent and proved himself able as a general as well as a secretary. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Noun 1. 315 BC. Eumenes of Cardia was defeated and killed in the Battle of Gabiene in 315 BC. Eumenes was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, although he was suspected to be Scythian. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of the Asian remnants of Alexander's empire. Eumenes of Cardia book. : Eumenes of Cardia : A Greek among Macedonians by Edward Anson (2004, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay! Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. [16] Antigonus, whose casualties were more numerous, force marched his army to safety the next night. I hope to get a 3d animated series out some day but will wait until my skills improve. Eumenes (361-315): secretary of Alexander the Great, one of the Diadochi. or 361 B.C.-316 B.C. Eliza Jane Poitevent Holbrook Nicholson (1849-1896), James Brooke Rajah of Sarawak – Founder of the White Raj of Sarawak, Sebastian Cabot, Questionable Explorer: Early Explorer of Newfoundland and Brazil, The Turing Test and Philosophies of Alan Turing. Location. Verified Email. He served under Philip and Alexander, and on Alexander’s death was assigned the satrapy of Cappadocia in central Anatolia. Antigonus wanted to acquire Eumenes as his own officer and so first demanded that Eumenes address him as a superior officer, to which Eumenes replied “while I am able to wield a sword, I shall thank no man greater than myself”. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition Because, as a non-Macedonian, Eumenes still faced some hostility and envy from the Macedonians, he announced that Alexander had told him in a dream to set up a council of leaders to meet daily in a special tent with an empty throne where Alexander himself would join them to guide their deliberations. [4], In 317 BC, Eumenes left Cilicia and marched into Syria and Phoenicia, and began to raise a naval force on behalf of Polyperchon. When Philip II invaded this district he took Eumenes in his service and gave him a noble education. 31.777205°N 51.801649°E. Eumenes of Cardia (Ancient Greek: Εὐμένης, ca. On the Macedonian court Eumenes very quickly earned more and more responsibilities and he became a friend of the young Alexander. At one point Eumenes was in position to capture the baggage of Antigonus’ forces. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition: Anson, Edward: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. Menander immediately followed this advice. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of … Eumenes was born in the area of Cardia in the North of Greece in the year 362 BC. Great, one of their commanders, sent the request to Antigonus who responded by demanding they give Eumenes... Wounds. 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